3、中国远征军 | 中国关键词
The Chinese Expeditionary Force
On December 23, 1941, the Republic of China and the United Kingdom signed an agreement in Chongqing on joint Sino-British defense of the Burma Road. The Chinese Expeditionary Force was created in support of the British military in the fight against the Japanese in Burma, and in defense of the interior areas of Southwest China. The dispatch of a Chinese Expeditionary Force for the first time since the War of 1894 (also known as the First Sino-Japanese War) was an example of China’s direct military cooperation with Allies. During three years and three months of fighting following its arrival in Burma, the Expeditionary Force, which represented a force of 400,000 men, scored impressive victories in major battles such as those fought at Tounggoo, Swa, Yenangyaung, and Taunggyi, and in the counter-offensive campaign in North Burma. The Chinese troops wiped out 185,000 enemy combatants, but the number of their own casualties reached nearly 200,000.
The two operations conducted by the Chinese Expeditionary Force in Burma, strategically located between the China theater and the Pacific theater, provided important support to the Allied forces in the China-India-Burma theater in the fight against Japan. These operations succeeded in reopening the international transport route to Southwest China, and accelerated the collapse of Japanese fascism.