中国远征军 | 中国关键词 3

先自己视译,再对照英文参考。

3、中国远征军 | 中国关键词 

2016-09-14 中国翻译研究院

 

中国远征军

 

1941年12月23日,中华民国政府与英国在重庆签署《中英共同防御滇缅路协定》。中国为支援英军在滇缅抗击日本法西斯、保卫中国西南大后方,组建了中国远征军。这是中国与盟国直接进行军事合作的典范,也是甲午战争以来中国军队首次出国作战。从中国军队入缅算起,中缅印大战历时3年零3月,中国投入兵力总计40万人,伤亡接近20万人,歼敌18.5万,取得了同古保卫战、斯瓦阻击战、仁安羌大捷、东枝收复战、反攻缅北等巨大胜利。

特别是中国远征军两次进入缅甸这个中国和太平洋两大抗日主战场的战略结合地带,有力地支援了盟军在中、印、缅战场的对日作战,打通了中国西南国际运输线,加速了日本法西斯的崩溃。  

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The Chinese Expeditionary Force

On December 23, 1941, the Republic of China and the United Kingdom signed an agreement in Chongqing on joint Sino-British defense of the Burma Road. The Chinese Expeditionary Force was created in support of the British military in the fight against the Japanese in Burma, and in defense of the interior areas of Southwest China. The dispatch of a Chinese Expeditionary Force for the first time since the War of 1894 (also known as the First Sino-Japanese War) was an example of China’s direct military cooperation with Allies. During three years and three months of fighting following its arrival in Burma, the Expeditionary Force, which represented a force of 400,000 men, scored impressive victories in major battles such as those fought at Tounggoo, Swa, Yenangyaung, and Taunggyi, and in the counter-offensive campaign in North Burma. The Chinese troops wiped out 185,000 enemy combatants, but the number of their own casualties reached nearly 200,000.

The two operations conducted by the Chinese Expeditionary Force in Burma, strategically located between the China theater and the Pacific theater, provided important support to the Allied forces in the China-India-Burma theater in the fight against Japan. These operations succeeded in reopening the international transport route to Southwest China, and accelerated the collapse of Japanese fascism.